landscape design

Landscape/Garden Design Essentials And Recommendations

The art of creating aesthetically appealing and practical outdoor areas is known as garden/landscape design. It involves design, plant selection, placement of hardscape segments, and also considers the natural environment, employing sustainable practices and fostering biodiversity. A well-designed garden mixes colors, textures, and shapes to produce a visually appealing experience. It takes into account the consumers’ requirements and tastes, combining features for leisure, enjoyment, and utility. 


Garden/landscape design services transforms outdoor areas into attractive havens that improve aesthetics, well-being, and property value, whether in a little backyard or a large estate.

Basic Patterns in Garden Design

Circular pattern: Circular patterns may be created using a series of circles. It may be found in informal as well as formal settings.

Diagonal pattern: It creates a grid line at a 45-degree angle to the border. It can be observed in both formal and informal gardens.

Rectangular pattern: It is used in a symmetrical manner in a formal garden.

Steps To Design a Garden

  1. Identify the location for two reasons. One is to weigh for public benefit or enjoyment and second is to consider the comfort of the owner.
  2. Examine physical elements such as climate, weather, soil type, existing plants, and manholes, roads and pathways.
  3. Investigate social elements such as people’s preferences, geography, and religion.
  4. Make a rough drawing of the area, including existing features and the length and width of all features.
  5. Draw to the scale based on the sheet available for small garden 1:50 and for big garden 1:100 incorporating the fence, lawn, flower beds, hedge, edge, border, waterfalls, rock garden, pond, shrubbery, island beds, carpet beds, standards etc
  6. Mark the area (as designed on the sheet) using pegs and bars and plant the permanent features on marked ground.

Important Considerations For Garden Design

A landscape professional/engineer should design the available space by preserving the natural topography so that it looks natural as far as practicable and should not obstruct any natural view. For instance, if there is natural forest scenery or beautiful meadows just outside the boundary, it should be incorporated in the garden design in such a way that it appears to be a part of the garden. To design your garden like an expert landscape engineer, consider following parameters in your mind;

1. Axis

This is an imaginary line in any garden that is designed to establish a balance. The axis is the centerline of a formal garden. A center of interest is usually located at the end of an axis, although other architectural elements such as birdbaths or sundials can also be installed at the halfway point.

2. Focal Point

A center of attraction in every garden is a focal point, which is typically an architectural element targeted as a point of interest such as a statue, fountain, rockery, etc.

3. Mass effect

The utilization of single plant species in high numbers in one location is done to provide a wide-scale effect. It is important to keep such mass configurations from becoming boring; the sizes of the masses should be varied.

4. Unity

The importance of unity in a garden will increase its artistic appearance. Unity must be established from diverse perspectives. Rather of emphasizing certain characteristics, the goal is to create an overall sense of the garden. 

5. Space

The goal of any garden design should be to make the garden look larger than it is. One method is to retain large open spaces, preferably under lawn, and limit plantings to the periphery, avoiding planting in the middle. But if any planting has to be made in the middle, the choice should be a tree which branches at a higher level on the trunk and not a bushy shrub.

6. Divisional Lines

There should be no rigid and fast dividing lines in a landscape garden rather should be aesthetic with soft curves, as well as functional. All of these lines should be in sync with one another.

7. Proportion and Scale

In a garden, proportion may be described as a distinct relationship between various components. There are no hard and fast rules for scale and proportion in a garden; ultimately, the design should be pleasing. Scale and proportion are entirely dependent on individual experience and in-depth understanding of plants.

8. Texture

Texture refers to a garden’s surface appearance. The texture of the ground, as well as the leaves of a tree or shrub, will all influence the overall appearance of the garden. The texture is classified into three types: fine, medium, and coarse. The texture of a plant is determined by its leaf size, branch arrangement, and canopy compactness. To get the desired appearance, all of these different textures must be placed in harmony and contrast.

9. Light and Time

The importance of time in a garden cannot be overstated. The garden should be designed in such a manner that it is feasible to sit in a shady area in the afternoon and see the nicest portion of the garden. Plant growth habits are important in determining the best location for them in the garden, and the layout must be prepared accordingly.

10. Tone and Colour

The green tones of the numerous trees and bushes serve as the constant backdrop in a landscape garden. It is possible to design a garden with a mild tone of exclusively white or yellow flowers and yet make it beautiful. Another key factor to remember is that having masses of a single hue is preferable to having a combination of colors. A bed of roses with only one hue, such as red, yellow, or pink, has a considerably softer tone and attractiveness than a bed with a variety of colors. 

11. Mobility

In temperate zones, the garden’s color varies drastically and contrastingly from season to season, signifying motion or movement. Many trees in temperate zones, for example, dress themselves in beautiful colors throughout the fall owing to changes in leaf color.

Fountains, grass sprinklers, and streams in a landscape all fulfill the purpose of movement. The lily pools should be stocked with colorful fish, whose movement will add to the charm. 

12. Style

Finally, the style to be used in a given garden must be decided. Every garden designer must develop his or her own gardening style in accordance with his or her budget, taste, and the nature of the site, as well as the simplicity of upkeep. 

Hire The Landscape Professionals At Dreamscape

The basis of any great landscape is its garden design. What does your ideal garden entail? With our garden design secrets, ideas, and inspiration for front yards and backyards, you can turn your vision into a reality. Book an appointment.